Market-Driven Corporate Finance
Malcolm P. Baker
Harvard Business School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
January 22, 2009
Much of empirical corporate finance focuses on sources of the demand for various forms of capital, not the supply. Recently, this has changed. Supply effects of equity and credit markets can arise from a combination of three ingredients: investor tastes, limited intermediation, and corporate opportunism. Investor tastes when combined with imperfectly competitive intermediaries lead prices and interest rates to deviate from fundamental values. Opportunistic firms respond by issuing securities with high prices and investing the proceeds. Correlations between capital market prices and corporate finance can in principle come from either supply or demand. This framework helps to organize empirical approaches that more precisely identify and quantify supply effects through variation in one of these three ingredients. Taken as a whole, the evidence shows that shifting equity and credit market conditions play an important role in dictating corporate finance and investment.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
Keywords: Behavioral Finance, Limits to Arbitrage, Market Efficiency, Securities Issuance, Supply Effectsworking papers series
Date posted: January 23, 2009 ; Last revised: July 29, 2009
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