Labor Laws and Innovation
Viral V. Acharya
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance
Swedish House of Finance
Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
January 26, 2009
We provide empirical evidence that strong dismissal laws appear to have a positive eﬀect on the innovative pursuits of ﬁrms and their employees. Stringent labor laws provide ﬁrms a commitment device to not punish short-run failures and thereby spur their employees to pursue value-enhancing innovative activities. Using patents and citations as proxies for innovation, we identify the eﬀect of dismissal laws by exploiting the time-series variation generated by staggered country-level law changes. Using ﬁxed eﬀect panel regressions and diﬀerence-in-diﬀerence tests, we ﬁnd that innovation is fostered by stringent laws governing dismissal of employees. In addition, stringent dismissal laws disproportionately inﬂuence innovation in the more innovation-intensive sectors of the economy. Finally, we complement our cross-country results with ﬁrm-level tests within the United States that exploit a discontinuity generated by the passage of the federal Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notiﬁcation Act.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: Labor laws, R&D, Technological change, Law and finance, Entrepreneurship, Growth
JEL Classification: F30, G31, J5, J8, K31
Date posted: January 27, 2009 ; Last revised: December 22, 2013
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