On the Scope and Drivers of the Asset Growth Effect
Marc L. Lipson
University of Virginia - Darden School of Business
University of Memphis
Michael J. Schill
University of Virginia – Darden Graduate School of Business Administration
January 1, 2009
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (JFQA), Forthcoming
Darden Business School Working Paper No. 1341298
Recent papers have debated whether the negative correlation between measures of firm asset growth and subsequent returns is of little importance since it applies only to small firms, justified as compensation for risk, or evidence of mispricing. We show that the asset growth effect is pervasive and evidence to the contrary arises due to specification choices; that one measure of asset growth, the change in total assets, largely subsumes the explanatory power of other measures; that the ability of asset growth to explain either the cross section of returns or the time series of factor loadings is linked to firm idiosyncratic volatility; that the return effect is concentrated around earnings announcements; and that analyst forecasts are systematically higher than realized earnings for faster growing firms. In general, there appears to be no asset growth effect in firms with low idiosyncratic volatility. Our findings are consistent with a mispricing-based explanation for the asset growth effect in which arbitrage costs allow the effect to persist.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 68
Keywords: Investment; Stock returns; Arbitrage costs; Market efficiency
JEL Classification: G11; G12; G14
Date posted: February 12, 2009 ; Last revised: July 14, 2013
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