The Cross-Section and Time-Series of Stock and Bond Returns
Ralph S. J. Koijen
London Business School - Department of Finance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
Hanno N. Lustig
Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
New York University Stern School of Business, Department of Finance; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
August 28, 2012
EFA 2009 Bergen Meetings Paper
AFA 2010 Atlanta Meetings Paper
Value stocks have higher exposure to innovations in the nominal bond risk premium, which measures the markets' perception of cyclical variation in future output growth, than growth stocks. The ICAPM then predicts a value risk premium provided that good news about future output lowers the marginal utility of investors' wealth today. In support of the business cycle as a priced state variable, we show that low value minus growth returns, typically realized at the start of recessions when nominal bond risk premia are low and declining, are associated with lower future dividend growth rates on value minus growth and with lower future output growth in the short term. Because of this new nexus between stock and bond returns, a parsimonious three-factor model can jointly price the book-to-market stock and maturity-sorted bond portfolios and reproduce the time-series variation in expected bond returns. Structural dynamic asset pricing models need to impute a central role to the business cycle as a priced state variable to be quantitatively consistent with the observed value, equity, and nominal bond risk premia.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 66
Date posted: February 11, 2009 ; Last revised: September 25, 2013
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