Citations (2)



Beyond Borders: Is Media Freedom Contagious?

Russell S. Sobel

The Citadel - School of Business

Nabamita Dutta

University of Wisconsin - La Crosse

Sanjukta Roy

World Bank Institute

November 12, 2008

Kyklos, 63 (1), 123 - 133

Previous literature stresses the importance of free media for economic development. By its nature TV, radio, and newspapers cross borders allowing citizens to easily sample media from neighboring countries. This creates pressure for domestic reform and spreads media freedom between countries. Using spatial econometric techniques, and a sample of 102 countries, we test for the presence of geographic spillovers in media freedom. We find that a country's level of media freedom significantly depends on its neighbors. Countries 'catch' approximately 25 percent of their media freedom from neighboring countries. Our results are robust to alternative specifications and measures of press freedom.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

Keywords: Media Freedom, Contagion, Domino Effect

JEL Classification: C2, L82, O12

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Date posted: February 12, 2009 ; Last revised: January 14, 2013

Suggested Citation

Sobel, Russell S. and Dutta, Nabamita and Roy, Sanjukta, Beyond Borders: Is Media Freedom Contagious? (November 12, 2008). Kyklos, 63 (1), 123 - 133. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1341779 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1341779

Contact Information

Russell S. Sobel
The Citadel - School of Business ( email )
171 Moultrie St.
Charleston, SC 29409
United States
Nabamita Dutta
University of Wisconsin - La Crosse ( email )
1725 State Street
La Crosse, WI 54601
United States
Sanjukta Roy (Contact Author)
World Bank Institute ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
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