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Due Process Forgotten: The Problem of Statutory Damages and Class Actions


Sheila B. Scheuerman


Charleston School of Law

April 26, 2009

Missouri Law Review, Vol. 74, 2009

Abstract:     
This article analyzes the due process problem that arises when two litigation mechanisms converge: statutory damages and class actions. Individually, the class action device and statutory damages serve a similar function: encouraging litigation by offsetting disincentives to suit where the alleged wrongdoing involves nominal financial harm. When combined, however, they create the potential for unintended bet-the-company liability. Courts have struggled with how to address these statutory damages class actions because the prevailing legal framework is jurisprudentially flawed and ignores the realities of modern class action litigation. This article assesses the current due process jurisprudence in this area, and proposes an analytical framework drawn from the Supreme Court's punitive damages jurisprudence. Indeed, the article shows that the modern due process standard for punitive damages - known as the BMW guideposts - in fact evolved from a test developed in early Supreme Court precedent analyzing the constitutional limits on statutory damages. Thus, the article argues that the BMW guideposts should apply to aggregate statutory damages awards, and furthermore should be considered before, not after, class certification.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 50

Keywords: due process, statutory damages, class actions, punitive damages

JEL Classification: K13, K4, K40, K41

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Date posted: March 2, 2009 ; Last revised: April 27, 2009

Suggested Citation

Scheuerman, Sheila B., Due Process Forgotten: The Problem of Statutory Damages and Class Actions (April 26, 2009). Missouri Law Review, Vol. 74, 2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1351497

Contact Information

Sheila B. Scheuerman (Contact Author)
Charleston School of Law ( email )
Charleston, SC 29402
United States
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