Higher Risk, Lower Returns: What Hedge Fund Investors Really Earn
Ilia D. Dichev
Emory University - Department of Accounting
Harvard Business School
July 1, 2009
Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
The returns of hedge fund investors depend not only on the returns of the funds they hold but also on the timing and magnitude of their capital flows in and out of these funds. We use dollar-weighted returns (a form of IRR) to assess the properties of actual investor returns on hedge funds and compare them to buy-and-hold fund returns. Our main finding is that annualized dollar-weighted returns are on the magnitude of 3 to 7 percent lower than corresponding buy-and-hold fund returns. Using factor models of risk and the estimated dollar-weighted performance gap, we find that the real alpha of hedge fund investors is close to zero. In absolute terms, dollar-weighted returns are reliably lower than the return on the S&P 500 index, and are only marginally higher than the risk-free rate as of the end of 2008. The combined impression from these results is that the return experience of hedge fund investors is much worse than previously thought.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: Hedge fund, Investor capital flows, Dollar-weighting
JEL Classification: G11, G23, G31
Date posted: March 5, 2009 ; Last revised: August 29, 2010
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