Footnotes (444)



Prospective Compensation in Lieu of a Final Injunction in Patent and Copyright Cases

Tomas Gomez-Arostegui


Fordham Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 1661, 2009-2010
Lewis & Clark Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-13

In eBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C. (2006), the Supreme Court held that traditional equitable factors apply to injunctions in patent and copyright cases, and that therefore the mere fact a defendant has infringed a patent or a copyright does not necessarily mean a final injunction must issue. In the three years since, lower courts have denied final injunctions more frequently than before and are now struggling with what relief, if any, to give prevailing plaintiffs in lieu of an injunction. Some courts permit plaintiffs to sue again later. But most award prospective relief to plaintiffs - sometimes a lump-sum damages award or more commonly a continuing royalty - to compensate plaintiffs for the defendant's anticipated post-judgment infringements. Plaintiffs often object to prospective-compensation awards as constituting compulsory licenses.

This Article demonstrates that federal courts lack the authority, in either law or equity, to award prospective compensation to plaintiffs for post-judgment copyright or patent infringements. Until such time as Congress creates a new form of compulsory licensing, future-damage awards and continuing royalties can only be granted in lieu of a final injunction by consent of the parties. This Article reaches its conclusion only after undertaking the most comprehensive treatment of the subject to date. Apart from surveying the relevant statutory texts, it relies on an historical review of future-damage and continuing-royalty jurisprudence in England and the United States from 1660 to the present.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 71

Keywords: ebay, injunctions, royalties, copyright, patent, remedies, equity, future damages, legal history

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: March 9, 2009 ; Last revised: March 16, 2010

Suggested Citation

Gomez-Arostegui, Tomas, Prospective Compensation in Lieu of a Final Injunction in Patent and Copyright Cases. Fordham Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 1661, 2009-2010; Lewis & Clark Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-13. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1355464

Contact Information

Tomas Gomez-Arostegui (Contact Author)
Independent ( email )
No Address Available
United States
Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 3,785
Downloads: 555
Download Rank: 32,498
Footnotes:  444
Paper comments
No comments have been made on this paper

© 2016 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollobot1 in 1.719 seconds