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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1359506
 
 

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Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans


Kanaka D. Shetty


RAND Corporation

Thomas DeLeire


Professor; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Chapin White


Center for Studying Health System Change

Jayanta Bhattacharya


Stanford University - Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

March 2009

NBER Working Paper No. w14790

Abstract:     
U.S. state and local governments are increasingly restricting smoking in public places. This paper analyzes nationally representative databases, including the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, to compare short-term changes in mortality and hospitalization rates in smoking-restricted regions with control regions. In contrast with smaller regional studies, we find that workplace bans are not associated with statistically significant short-term declines in mortality or hospital admissions for myocardial infarction or other diseases. An analysis simulating smaller studies using subsamples reveals that large short-term increases in myocardial infarction incidence following a workplace ban are as common as the large decreases reported in the published literature.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

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Date posted: March 17, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Shetty, Kanaka D. and DeLeire, Thomas and White, Chapin and Bhattacharya, Jayanta, Changes in U.S. Hospitalization and Mortality Rates Following Smoking Bans (March 2009). NBER Working Paper No. w14790. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1359506

Contact Information

Kanaka D. Shetty
RAND Corporation ( email )
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States
Thomas DeLeire
Professor ( email )
3600 N Street, NW Suite 200
Washington, DC 20057
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Chapin White
Center for Studying Health System Change ( email )
600 Maryland Ave., SW
Suite 550
Washington, DC 20024-2512
United States
Jayanta Bhattacharya (Contact Author)
Stanford University - Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research ( email )
Center for Health Policy
179 Encina Commons
Stanford, CA 94305-6019
United States
650-736-0404 (Phone)
650-723-1919 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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