Ending 'To Big To Fail': Government Promises vs. Investor Perceptions
Todd A. Gormley
University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Asian Development Bank
February 8, 2014
Review of Finance, Forthcoming
AFA 2010 Atlanta Meetings Paper
Can a government credibly promise not to bailout firms whose failure would have major negative systemic consequences? Our analysis of Korea’s 1997-98 crisis, suggests an answer: No. Despite a general “no bailout” policy during the crisis, the largest Korean corporate groups – facing severe financial and governance problems – could still borrow heavily from households by issuing bonds at prices implying very low expected default risk. The evidence suggests “too big to fail” beliefs were not eliminated by government promises because investors believed that this policy was not time consistent. Subsequent bailouts confirmed the market view that creditors would be protected.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 40
Keywords: Financial Development, Political Economy, Crisis
JEL Classification: E44, G18, K00, N20, P16, P17
Date posted: March 23, 2009 ; Last revised: June 17, 2014
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