Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1365393
 
 

References (37)



 


 



Got Water? Social Divisions and Access to Public Goods in Rural India


Divya Balasubramaniam


Saint Joseph's University

Santanu Chatterjee


University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics

David B. Mustard


University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); University of Georgia Law School

September 10, 2012


Abstract:     
We use data for 436 rural districts from the 2001 Census of India to examine whether different aspects of social divisions help explain the wide variation in access to tap water across rural India. Studies linking social fragmentation to public goods usually aggregate different types of fragmentation into one index. In contrast, we use disaggregated measures of social fragmentation to show that different types of social fragmentation are associated with dramatically different outcomes for access to tap water in rural India. Communities that are heterogeneous in terms of caste (within the majority Hindu religion) have lower access to tap water than correspondingly homogeneous communities. Communities that are fragmented across religions have higher access to tap water than correspondingly homogeneous communities. This underscores the importance of heterogeneity both within and across religions. Therefore, relying on aggregate measures of social fragmentation may conceal the differential effects of the component measures and obscure important information regarding the design of policies related to public goods.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: Public goods, Social fragmentation, Water, Public policy, India

JEL Classification: H4, O2

working papers series


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Date posted: March 22, 2009 ; Last revised: July 21, 2014

Suggested Citation

Balasubramaniam, Divya and Chatterjee, Santanu and Mustard, David B., Got Water? Social Divisions and Access to Public Goods in Rural India (September 10, 2012). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1365393 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1365393

Contact Information

Divya Balasubramaniam
Saint Joseph's University ( email )
Philadelphia, PA 19131
United States
Santanu Chatterjee (Contact Author)
University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )
Athens, GA 30602-6254
United States
706-542-3696 (Phone)
706-542-3376 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.terry.uga.edu/people/schatt/Home.htm
David B. Mustard
University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - Department of Economics ( email )
Athens, GA 30602-6254
United States
706-542-3624 (Phone)
706-542-3376 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.terry.uga.edu/~dmustard/
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
University of Georgia Law School
Athens, GA 30602
United States
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