The State of Network Organization: A Survey in Three Frameworks
Marshall W. Van Alstyne
Boston University - Department of Management Information Systems; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School
March 26, 2009
Journal of Organizational Computing, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1997
This article reviews the literature on network organizations and interprets explanations for its behaviors in terms of established analytical principles. Tools from computer science, economics, and sociology give three markedly different interpretations of its core attributes but they also settle on a handful of common themes. The proposed benefits are a clarification of what it means for an organization to be network structured, a few insights into its origins, and a suggestion of where the boundaries to some of its different forms might lie.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 50
Keywords: markets versus hierarchies, decentralization, decision locus, asset specificity, vertical integration, communication, coordination costs, governance, teams, collaboration
Date posted: March 27, 2009 ; Last revised: March 31, 2009
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