Economic and Social Convergence in Colombia
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Gustavo Adolfo García Cruz
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
November 28, 2010
Research Institute of Applied Economics Working Paper No. 2010/14
GDP has usually been used as a proxy for human well-being. Nevertheless, other social aspects should also be considered, such as life expectancy, infant mortality, educational enrollment and crime issues. With this paper we investigate not only economic convergence but also social convergence between regions in a developing country, Colombia, in the period 1975-2005. We consider several techniques in our analysis: sigma convergence, stochastic kernel estimations, and also several empirical models to find out the beta convergence parameter (cross section and panel estimates, with and without spatial dependence). The main results confirm that we can talk about convergence in Colombia in key social variables, although not in the classic economic variable, GDP per capita. We have also found that spatial auto-correlation reinforces convergence processes through deepening market and social factors, while isolation condemns regions to non-convergence.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 70
Keywords: Latin America, Colombia, Economic and Social Variables, Beta and Sigma Convergence, Spatial Econometrics
JEL Classification: C21, O47, O54working papers series
Date posted: April 5, 2011
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.375 seconds