Revisiting the Supply-Side Effects of Government Spending
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Federal Reserve Board
FEDS Working Paper No. 2009-01
We revisit the macroeconomic effects of government consumption in the neoclassical growth model when agents face uninsured idiosyncratic investment risk. Under complete markets, a permanent increase in government consumption has no long-run effect on the interest rate and the capital-labor ratio, while it increases hours due to the negative wealth effect. These results are upset once we allow for incomplete markets. The same negative wealth effect now causes a reduction in risk taking and the demand for investment. This leads to a lower risk-free rate and, under certain conditions, also to a lower capital-labor ratio, and lower productivity.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 47
Keywords: Fiscal policy, government spending, incomplete risk sharing, entrepreneurial risk
JEL Classification: E13, E62
Date posted: April 6, 2009
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