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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1379118
 
 

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Diasporas


Michel A. R. Beine


University of Luxemburg; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Frédéric Docquier


Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Caglar Ozden


World Bank - Research Department; World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

April 1, 2009

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2607

Abstract:     
Migration flows are shaped by a complex combination of self-selection and out-selection mechanisms. In this paper, we analyze how existing diasporas (the stock of people born in a country and living in an another one) affect the size and human-capital structure of current migration flows. Our analysis exploits a bilateral data set on international migration by educational attainment from 195 countries to 30 OECD countries in 1990 and 2000. Based on simple micro-foundations and controlling for various determinants of migration, we find diasporas increase migration flows, lower their average educational level and lead to higher concentration of low-skill migrants. Interestingly, diasporas explain majority of the variability of migration flows and selection. This suggests that, without changing the generosity of family reunion programs, education-based selection rules are likely to have moderate impact. Our results are highly robust to the econometric techniques, accounting for the large proportion of zeros and endogeneity problems.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 44

Keywords: migration, self-selection, network/diaspora externalities

JEL Classification: F22, O15

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Date posted: April 15, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Beine, Michel A. R. and Docquier, Frédéric and Ozden, Caglar, Diasporas (April 1, 2009). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2607. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1379118

Contact Information

Michel A. R. Beine (Contact Author)
University of Luxemburg ( email )
L-1511 Luxembourg
Luxembourg
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
Frederic Docquier
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium
CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK
University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Çaglar Özden
World Bank - Research Department ( email )
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/cozden
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
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References:  34
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