Propensity Score Matching Methods for Non-experimental Causal Studies
Columbia University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics
Columbia University, Department of Economics Discussion Paper No. 9899-01
This paper considers causal inference and simple selection bias in non-experimental settings in which: (i) few units in the non-experimental comparison group are comparable to the treatment units; and (ii) selecting a subset of comparison units similar to the treatment unit is difficult because units must be compared across a high-dimensional set of pretreatment characteristics. We propose the use of propensity score matching methods, and implement them using data from the NSW experiment. Following Lalonde (1986), we pair the experimental treated units with non-experimental comparison units from the CPS and PSID, and compare the estimates of the treatment effect obtained using our methods to the benchmark results from the experiment. We show that the methods succeed in focusing attention on the small subset of the comparison units comparable to the treated units and, hence, in alleviating the bias due to systematic differences between the treated and the comparison units.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
JEL Classification: C81, C14working papers series
Date posted: January 22, 1999
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