Natural-Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence
affiliation not provided to SSRN
April 15, 2009
The notion of the cyborg has exercised the popular imagination for almost two hundred years. In very general terms the idea that a living entity can be a hybrid of both organic matter and mechanical parts, and for all intents and purposes be seamlessly functional and self-regulating, as prefigured in literary works such as Shelly's Frankenstein (1816/18) and Samuel Butler's Erewhon (1872). This notion of hybridism has been a staple theme of 20th century science fiction writing, television programmes and the cinema. For the most part, these works trade on a deep sense of unease we have about our personal identity - how could some non-organic matter to which I have so little conscious access count as a bona fide part of me? Cognitive scientist and philosopher, Andy Clark, picks up this general theme and presents an empirical and philosophical case for the following inextricably linked theses.
Keywords: clark, cyborgs, extended mind
Date posted: April 15, 2009
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