Holding States Accountable for the Ultimate Human Rights Abuse: A Review of the International Court of Justice Bosnian Genocide Case
Indiana University, Kelley School of Business; University of Cambridge - Department of Politics and International Studies
May 6, 2009
Human Rights Brief, Vol. 11, No. 3, p. 30, 2007
What is genocide? Can a State be held judicially accountable for its commission? What affirmative obligations do States have to prevent genocide? The International Court of Justice (ICJ) offered new answers to these perennial questions on February 26 when it held in the Application of the Genocide Convention (“Bosnian Genocide”) case that: (1) Serbia violated its obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (“Genocide Convention”) to prevent genocide in Srebrenica (the largest mass murder in Europe since World War II), but did not have the requisite specific intent to commit genocide, and; (2) Serbia must fully cooperate with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). While clarifying State accountability, the decision has raised fundamental questions regarding the proliferation of tribunals in international law and the extent to which States now have affirmative obligations to prevent genocide.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Keywords: Genocide, international tribunal, international court, international criminal law, incitement to genocideAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: May 8, 2009
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.578 seconds