Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1402946
 


 



'Black Ships' and Balance Sheets: The Japanese Market and U.S.-Japan Relations


Kenneth W. Abbott


Arizona State University

Conrad D. Totman


affiliation not provided to SSRN

1981

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 3, p. 103, 1981

Abstract:     
In this article, the authors address the widespread Western belief that the Japanese economy is unfairly closed to foreign trade and investment. The authors identify several levels of barriers to penetration of the Japanese market. They find that considerable progress has been made in reducing direct official restraints and official non-tariff barriers. Further progress in resolving the closed market issue, the authors predict, will be more difficult. Some of the remaining problems are rooted in Japanese society and culture; others in Western attitudes toward Japan. All reflect the historical pattern of Japan's relations with the West. The authors conclude with recommendations for Japanese and American policy aimed at resolving the closed market issue while maintaining amicable relations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 52

Keywords: International relations, economics, trade

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Date posted: May 18, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Abbott, Kenneth W. and Totman, Conrad D., 'Black Ships' and Balance Sheets: The Japanese Market and U.S.-Japan Relations (1981). Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 3, p. 103, 1981. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1402946

Contact Information

Kenneth Wayne Abbott (Contact Author)
Arizona State University ( email )
Box 877906
Tempe, AZ 85287-7906
United States
480-965-5917 (Phone)
Conrad D. Totman
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Feedback to SSRN


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