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An Intellectual History of Judicial Activism


Craig Green


Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

May 27, 2009

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 1195, 2009
Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-32

Abstract:     
Over the past six decades, the term "judicial activism" has become an immensely popular tool for criticizing judges' behavior. Despite the term's prominence, however, its meaning is obscure, and its origins have been forgotten. This article seeks to correct such deficiencies through a detailed conceptual and historical analysis of judicial activism.

First, the article analyzes legal rhetoric, describing the post-war origins of the phrase "judicial activism," its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century prehistory, and its rise to prominence in the late twentieth-century. Second, the article rejects as incoherent modern definitions of judicial activism, and instead describes a functional "concept" of activism based on unenforced norms of judicial propriety. Because judges make many decisions without supervision by other public officials, debates over judicial role are crucial to our legal system's operation. These debates - regardless of whether they use the word "activism" - illustrate why the concept of judicial activism remains inescapably important. Third, the article offers a two-part, common-law method of determining whether particular decisions or judges are activist. This method contrasts with other ways of evaluating activism such as textualism, originalism, and jurisprudential theory. If widely adopted, the proposed approach to judicial activism might yield clearer perceptions of judicial behavior and might reduce destructive schisms between expert and non-expert discussions of judicial role.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 71

Keywords: judicial activism, judicial role, judicial history, legal history, federal courts, scalia, dworkin, schlesinger

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Date posted: June 11, 2009 ; Last revised: September 23, 2009

Suggested Citation

Green, Craig, An Intellectual History of Judicial Activism (May 27, 2009). Emory Law Journal, Vol. 58, No. 5, p. 1195, 2009; Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-32. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1410728

Contact Information

Craig Green (Contact Author)
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )
1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States
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