Footnotes (103)



What if Seeds were not Patentable?

Elizabeth I. Winston

Catholic University of America (CUA) - Columbus School of Law


Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2008, p. 321

In 2001, the United States Supreme Court held that seeds were patentable subject matter - a decision, I assert, of much discussion and little impact. Protection of agricultural intellectual property through private ordering, used both to expand the protection available through public ordering and to circumvent the restrictions public ordering places on owners of intellectual property, has provided the incentives necessary to promote investment and innovation in seeds. It has not been the patentability of seeds that has led to agricultural advances, but rather the profitability of licensing agricultural intellectual property. What if seeds were not patentable? So what if they are. Innovation in seed has been neither promoted nor incentivized by the extension of patent protection, but rather by private ordering and free markets.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 24

Keywords: Patent, Contracts, License, Intellectual Property

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Date posted: June 26, 2009 ; Last revised: May 15, 2014

Suggested Citation

Winston, Elizabeth I., What if Seeds were not Patentable? (2008). Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2008, p. 321. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1425850

Contact Information

Elizabeth I. Winston (Contact Author)
Catholic University of America (CUA) - Columbus School of Law ( email )
3600 John McCormack Rd., NE
Washington, DC 20064
United States

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