Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1428586
 


 



Still on the Books: Jim Crow and Segregation Laws Fifty Years after Brown v. Board of Education a Report on Laws Remaining in the Codes of Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia


Gabriel J. Chin


University of California, Davis - School of Law

Roger E. Hartley


Western Carolina University

Kevin Bates


affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rona Nichols Kreamer


affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ira J. Shiflett


affiliation not provided to SSRN

Salmon A. Shomade


University of New Orleans

July 1, 2009

Michigan State Law Review, p. 460, 2006

Abstract:     
Fifty years after the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education, laws designed to enforce racial segregation in public schools remain on the books throughout the former Confederate states. ... Southern states donated public property and services to these schools, offered tuition grants to children who attended them, and allowed private school teachers to join desirable state pension programs. ... I. Laws on the Books Designed to Prevent Public School Integration ... A slightly more subtle technique was to authorize racial segregation by choice rather than by state mandate. Although public school students in Alabama may not choose to attend a school exclusively with classmates of a particular political party, religious faith, or professional aim, the Alabama Constitution does allow them to choose the race of their fellows: ... D. Other Segregation Laws (Mississippi, Missouri, West Virginia) ... In the West Virginia code, two statutes dating to the era of racial segregation still contain the word "Negro." ... A. Tuition Grants to Segregated Private Schools (Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia) ... B. Segregated Private School Teachers Granted Public Pensions (Alabama, Georgia, Virginia) ... This encouraged current public school teachers to transfer to newly created segregated private schools, and made it easier for those schools to hire new teachers in the future. Arkansas and Virginia repealed their statutes in the 1980s, but those of Alabama and Georgia remain on the books. ...

Number of Pages in PDF File: 20

Keywords: jim crow laws, still on the books, Brown v. Board of Education, discrimination, desegregation

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Date posted: July 2, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Chin, Gabriel J. and Hartley, Roger E. and Bates, Kevin and Kreamer, Rona Nichols and Shiflett, Ira J. and Shomade, Salmon A., Still on the Books: Jim Crow and Segregation Laws Fifty Years after Brown v. Board of Education a Report on Laws Remaining in the Codes of Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia (July 1, 2009). Michigan State Law Review, p. 460, 2006. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1428586

Contact Information

Gabriel Jackson Chin (Contact Author)
University of California, Davis - School of Law ( email )
Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall
Davis, CA 95616-5201
United States
520-401-6586 (Phone)
530-754-5311 (Fax)

Roger E. Hartley
Western Carolina University ( email )
Cullowhee, NC 28723
United States
520-203-2902 (Phone)
Kevin Bates
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Rona Nichols Kreamer
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Ira J. Shiflett
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Salmon A. Shomade
University of New Orleans ( email )
2000 Lakeshore Drive
New Orleans, LA 70148
United States
Feedback to SSRN


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