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The Legal Effect of Directives: Policy, Rules and Exceptions


Paul P. Craig


University of Oxford - Faculty of Law

July 8, 2009

European Law Review, Vol. 34, No. 3, p. 349, 2009
Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 24/2009

Abstract:     
This article reconsiders the legal effect of Directives for private parties within Community law. This is a vexed issue that has generated significant academic commentary and much case law. The qualifications and exceptions to the basic proposition that Directives do not have horizontal direct effect continue to grow, thereby rendering this overall area even more complex than it was hitherto. The article seeks to shed light on this topic by subjecting to critical scrutiny the policy underlying the 'core rule' that denies horizontal direct effect to Directives, and considering whether the judicially created exceptions or qualifications to that policy are consistent with it.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 31

Keywords: Directives, direct effect, indirect effect, incidental effect, principle of interpretation, legal reasoning

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Date posted: July 16, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Craig, Paul P., The Legal Effect of Directives: Policy, Rules and Exceptions (July 8, 2009). European Law Review, Vol. 34, No. 3, p. 349, 2009; Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 24/2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1433782

Contact Information

Paul P. Craig (Contact Author)
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law ( email )
St. Cross Building
St. Cross Road
Oxford, OX1 3UJ
United Kingdom
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