School Entry, Educational Attainment and Quarter of Birth: A Cautionary Tale of LATE
Singapore Management University - Department of Economics
Boston University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
August 1, 2011
Partly in response to increased testing and accountability, states and districts have been raising the minimum school entry age, but existing studies show mixed results regarding the effects of entry age. These studies may be severely biased because they violate the monotonicity assumption needed for LATE. We propose an instrument not subject to this bias and show no effect on the educational attainment of children born in the fourth quarter of moving from a December 31 to an earlier cutoff. We then estimate a structural model of optimal entry age that reconciles the different IV estimates including ours. We find that one standard instrument is badly biased but that the other diverges from ours because it estimates a different LATE. We also find that an early entry age cutoff that is applied loosely (as in the 1950s) is beneficial but one that is strictly enforced is not.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: Educational Attainment, LATE, monotonicity, Quarter of Birth
JEL Classification: I2, J00, C1
Date posted: July 22, 2009 ; Last revised: October 18, 2011
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