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Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan

Saima Naeem

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Asad Zaman

Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

May 23, 2009

Researchers have established that gift exchange is an important explanation for efficiency wages. Since gift exchange is a culture dependent phenomenon, we sought to replicate these findings in Pakistan, to assess the prevalence of gift exchange mechanism. We chose to study gift exchange via a field experiment in the simple setting of charitable donations in door to door campaign. Significant differences in outcomes were observed, suggesting a rejection of the simple gift exchange mechanism, which involves roughly equal exchanges over short time intervals. A plausible alternative explanation for our results may be complex gift exchange, which works over longer intervals.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 24

Keywords: gift exchange, charity Giving

JEL Classification: C93, D63

working papers series

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Date posted: August 31, 2009 ; Last revised: June 3, 2010

Suggested Citation

Naeem, Saima and Zaman, Asad, Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan (May 23, 2009). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1443568 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1443568

Contact Information

Saima Naeem
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Asad Zaman (Contact Author)
Pakistan Institute of Development Economics ( email )
P.O.Box 1091
Islamabad 44000, Federal Capital
Feedback to SSRN

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