Off-Court Misbehavior: Sports Leagues and Private Punishment
Janine Young Kim
Marquette University - Law School
Matthew J. Parlow
Marquette University Law School
August 6, 2009
Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 99, No. 3, 2009
Marquette Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 09-29
This Essay examines how professional sports leagues address (apparently increasing) criminal activity by players off of the field or court. It analyzes the power of professional sports leagues and, in particular, the commissioners of those leagues, to discipline wayward athletes. Such discipline is often met with great controversy - from players’ unions and commentators alike - especially when a commissioner invokes the “in the best interest of the sport” clause of the professional sports league’s constitution and bylaws. The Essay then contextualizes such league discipline in criminal punishment theory - juxtaposing punishment norms in public law with incentives and rationales for discipline in professional sports - and analyzes the legal and cultural limitations to this approach.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: professional sports, criminal, leagues, athletes, punishment theory
JEL Classification: K14, K19, K29, K42
Date posted: August 8, 2009 ; Last revised: January 13, 2015
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