Delaying the Buck: Timing, Uncertainty, and Appropriations Outcomes

Sarah Anderson

University of California, Santa Barbara; PERC - Property and Environment Research Center

Jonathan Woon

University of Pittsburgh


APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper

How do the dynamics of executive-legislative bargaining affect policy outcomes? This project examines the relationship between the duration of the appropriations process and budgetary outcomes in order to assess the relative importance of congressional actors and the sources of tension between them. We analyze whether longer delays at various stages of the process result in greater concessions to the president or to greater volatility in outcomes. We find that delay is associated with greater concessions to the president, but not with volatility, suggesting that the uncertainty in bargaining is uncertainty regarding the president’s position. We also find that the House concedes more to presidents who prefer less spending and that the Senate is more responsive to presidential needs during presidential election years.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 22

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Date posted: August 13, 2009 ; Last revised: April 17, 2012

Suggested Citation

Anderson, Sarah and Woon, Jonathan, Delaying the Buck: Timing, Uncertainty, and Appropriations Outcomes (2009). APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1450649

Contact Information

Sarah Anderson (Contact Author)
University of California, Santa Barbara ( email )
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
United States
PERC - Property and Environment Research Center
2048 Analysis Drive
Suite A
Bozeman, MT 59718
United States

Jonathan Woon
University of Pittsburgh ( email )
4600 Posvar Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.pitt.edu/~woon
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