Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1454939
 
 

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Securitized Banking and the Run on Repo


Gary B. Gorton


Yale School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andrew Metrick


Yale School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

August 2009

NBER Working Paper No. w15223

Abstract:     
The Panic of 2007-2008 was a run on the sale and repurchase market (the “repo” market), which is a very large, short-term market that provides financing for a wide range of securitization activities and financial institutions. Repo transactions are collateralized, frequently with securitized bonds. We refer to the combination of securitization plus repo finance as “securitized banking”, and argue that these activities were at the nexus of the crisis. We use a novel data set that includes credit spreads for hundreds of securitized bonds to trace the path of crisis from subprime-housing related assets into markets that had no connection to housing. We find that changes in the “LIB-OIS” spread, a proxy for counterparty risk, was strongly correlated with changes in credit spreads and repo rates for securitized bonds. These changes implied higher uncertainty about bank solvency and lower values for repo collateral. Concerns about the liquidity of markets for the bonds used as collateral led to increases in repo “haircuts”: the amount of collateral required for any given transaction. With declining asset values and increasing haircuts, the U.S. banking system was effectively insolvent for the first time since the Great Depression.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 54

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Date posted: August 18, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Gorton, Gary B. and Metrick, Andrew, Securitized Banking and the Run on Repo (August 2009). NBER Working Paper No. w15223. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1454939

Contact Information

Gary B. Gorton (Contact Author)
Yale School of Management ( email )
135 Prospect Street
P.O. Box 208200
New Haven, CT 06520-8200
United States
203 432-8931 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://mba.yale.edu/faculty/profiles/gorton.shtml
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Andrew Metrick
Yale School of Management ( email )
135 Prospect Street
P.O. Box 208200
New Haven, CT 06520-8200
United States
(203)-432-3069 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://mba.yale.edu/faculty/profiles/metrick.shtml

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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References:  18
Citations:  167
Footnotes:  21

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