Copula: A Primer for Fund Managers
affiliation not provided to SSRN
August 18, 2009
Traditional equity risk models focus on estimating stock return variance-covariance matrix. Ignoring high-order moments, they implicitly assumes normal return distributions. The recent credit crisis has reminded us again that the normality assumption is insufficient in risk management. Moving away from normality requires a tractable technique to allow investigation of alternative distributions. Copula is a good choice since it helps modulise our job and enriches our distribution selection menu.
This paper aims to demystify copulas for equity portfolio managers by addressing the following questions:1) What is copula and what does it represent 2) With correlation as a commonly used dependence measure, why is copula worth the extra complexity 3) What is 'tail dependence' 4) What are Gaussian, t-, Clayton, Gumbel and Frank copulas; how do they look and behave; and how to simulate 5) How to model equity markets with copulas where the dimensions are high 6) How can copula-based market model be applied to equity PM process.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 21
Keywords: copula, dependence, correlation, financial contagion, tail risk, non-normal portfolio management
JEL Classification: C10, C60, G01working papers series
Date posted: August 25, 2009 ; Last revised: April 25, 2012
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