Users as Service Innovators: The Case of Banking Services
Eric A. Von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics
December 1, 2010
MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4748-09
Many services can be self-provided. An individual user or a user firm can, for example, choose to do its own accounting – choose to self-provide that service - instead of hiring an accounting firm to provide it. Since users can ‘serve themselves’ in many cases, it is reasonable to suspect that users can also innovate with respect to the services they self-provide.
In this paper, we conduct the first quantitative exploration of the importance of services innovation by users, focusing on the field of commercial and retail banking services. We find that 55% of today’s computerized commercial banking services, and 44% of today’s computerized retail banking services were first developed and implemented by service users rather than banks. Manual precursors to these services - manual procedures that carried out functions similar to computerized services in our sample - were almost always developed by users as self-services.
Our empirical findings differ significantly from prevalent producer-centered views of service development. We speculate that the patterns we have observed in banking with respect to the major role of users in service development will prove to be quite general. If so, this will be an important matter: on the order of 75% of GDP in advanced economies today is derived from services. We discuss the implications of our findings for research and practice in service development.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: service innovators, banking, Service innovation, service development, user innovationworking papers series
Date posted: August 25, 2009 ; Last revised: June 12, 2012
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