Unorganised Workers in India - A Perspective Towards Employment Poverty & Contribution in Indian Economy
Dr. Jayant Kumar
The Maharaja Sayajirao (MS) University of Baroda - Department of Economics
affiliation not provided to SSRN
March 2, 2008
The existence of a disproportionately large unorganized sector side by side a small organized sector in all major segments is a typical characteristic feature of Indian economy. The labour market in India is no exception to this. The total workers in India may be conveniently classified into organized workers and unorganized workers. The dichotomy between the two classes of workers is visibly clear in terms of job and social security that the former grabs and the later struggles for, throughout his life. Not surprisingly therefore, the ‘National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector’ does not hesitate to mention a ‘shining India’ smiling in the face of a lackluster and stagnant class of society struggling with ‘miserable working and living conditions’ (NCEUS, 2007). The statement hints towards a social dualism which Boeke mentioned five decades ago, characterizing unorganized sector as ‘passive silent, casual, unskilled and virtually immobile’ (Boeke, 1953).
The present paper makes a modest attempt to scrutinize the characteristic features of unorganized sector workers, with particular reference to their contribution to Indian economy. An attempt has been made to present a detailed picture of state wise size of unorganized sector workers and their contribution to state’s SDP. The paper seeks to find out weather there is a nexus between poverty unorganized sector employment and state’s apathy towards the workers. Finally the paper reflects the urgent need of attention towards unorganized sector workers whose contribution to all the state’s SDP and the nation as a whole is so immense in relation to miniscule expenditure that the government promises for their wellbeing.
Keywords: Unorganised Workers, Unorganised Sector, Poverty, Employment, Unemployment, GDP, NDP, Social Sector
Date posted: November 5, 2009
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