Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1469870
 
 

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Offshoring and the Onshore Composition of Tasks and Skills


Sascha O. Becker


University of Warwick; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Ifo Institute for Economic Research

Karolina Ekholm


Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Center for Business and Policy Studies (SNS); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Marc-Andreas Muendler


University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

August 2009

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7391

Abstract:     
We analyze the relationship between offshoring and the onshore workforce composition in German multinational enterprises (MNEs), using plant data that allow us to discern tasks, occupations, and workforce skills. Offshoring is associated with a statistically significant shift towards more non-routine and more interactive tasks, and with a shift towards highly educated workers. Moreover, the shift towards highly educated workers is in excess of what is implied by changes in either the task or the occupational composition. Whether offshored activities are located in low-income or high-income countries does not alter the direction of the relationship. We find offshoring to predict between 10 and 15 percent of observed changes in wage-bill shares of highly educated workers and measures of non-routine and interactive tasks.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 47

Keywords: demand for labor, linked employer-employee data, multinational enterprises, trade in tasks

JEL Classification: F14, F16, F23, J23, J24

working papers series


Date posted: September 8, 2009  

Suggested Citation

Becker, Sascha O. and Ekholm, Karolina and Muendler, Marc-Andreas, Offshoring and the Onshore Composition of Tasks and Skills (August 2009). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7391. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1469870

Contact Information

Sascha O. Becker
University of Warwick ( email )
Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
HOME PAGE: http://sobecker.de
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Ifo Institute for Economic Research
Munich
Germany
Karolina Ekholm (Contact Author)
Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics ( email )
P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
S-113 83 Stockholm
Sweden
+46 8 736 9220 (Phone)
+46 8 313 207 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Center for Business and Policy Studies (SNS)
Skoldungagatan 2, Box 5629
S-114 86 Stockholm
Sweden
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
Marc-Andreas Muendler
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics ( email )
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0508
United States
858-534-4799 (Phone)
858-534-7040 (Fax)
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
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References:  36
Citations:  10

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