Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1472862
 


 



Neoliberalism and Risk in Criminology


Pat O'Malley


University of Sydney - Faculty of Law

2008

THE CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY COMPANION, pp. 55-67, T. Anthony & C. Cunneen, eds., Federation Press, 2008
Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 09/83

Abstract:     
Beginning in the 1970s, several new strands of thought and action began emerging in criminal justice across many jurisdictions. One of these was a new focus on risk, especially as embodied in a new emphasis on crime prevention, but also on sentencing that reflected risk principles and sanctions that focused more on incapacitation and deterrence than on reform. For some criminologists these were the hallmarks of risk-based criminal justice. But such a view ignores the fact that these developments reflect only one of the many ways risk can be mobilized as a technique for governing. This chapter reviews the ways in which neo-liberalism shaped criminal justice in the past thirty years, especially through the ways it shaped risk as victim-focused, individualistic and 'responsibilising.' At the same time, it is stressed other trends in risk mobilization have been gathering strength - for example, in risk-needs-responsivity techniques that provide therapeutic services to prisoners where these have demonstrated crime-reducing effects. As a result, neo-liberal penology is much more open and unstable than is often imagined, capable of being merged in very different ways - and with highly diverse policy effects - by politics ranging from neo-conservative to social democratic.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 18

Keywords: criminology, neo-liberalism, governmentality, risk, penology, criminal justice

JEL Classification: K10, K14, K30

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: September 16, 2009  

Suggested Citation

O'Malley, Pat, Neoliberalism and Risk in Criminology (2008). THE CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY COMPANION, pp. 55-67, T. Anthony & C. Cunneen, eds., Federation Press, 2008 ; Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 09/83. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1472862

Contact Information

Pat O'Malley (Contact Author)
University of Sydney - Faculty of Law ( email )
Faculty of Law Building, F10
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,726
Downloads: 781
Download Rank: 16,307

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.219 seconds