Gender, Education and Reciprocal Generosity: Evidence from 1,500 Experiment Subjects
University of Granada - Campus La Cartuja
Universidad de Los Andes; Indiana University Bloomington - Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis; University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Natural Resources & the Environment - Department of Resource Economics
Departamento de Economía, dECON
September 15, 2009
There is not general consensus about if women are more or less generous than men. Although the number of papers supporting more generous females is a bit larger than the opposed it is not possible to establish any definitive and systematic gender bias. This paper provides new evidence on this topic using a unique experimental dataset. We used data from a field experiment conducted under identical conditions (and monetary payoffs) in 6 Latin American cities, Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Lima, Montevideo and San José. Our dataset amounted to 3,107 experimental subjects who played the Trust Game. We will analyze the determinants of behavior of second movers, that is, what determines reciprocal generosity. In sharp contrast to previous papers we found that males are more generous than females. In the light of this result, we carried out a systematic analysis of individual features (income, education, age, etc.) for females and males separately. We found differential motivations for women and men. Third, we see that (individual) education enhances pro-social behavior. Lastly, we see that subjects’ expectations are crucial.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: Reciprocal altruism, gender, education
JEL Classification: C93, D64, J16working papers series
Date posted: September 17, 2009
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