Missing the Punitive Turn? Canadian Criminal Justice, 'Balance' and Penal Modernism
University of Sydney - Faculty of Law
September 17, 2009
THE NEW PUNITIVENESS: TRENDS, THEORIES, PERSPECTIVES, pp. 201-207, J. Pratt and D. Brown, et al., eds., Willan Publishing, 2005
Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 09-95
While it is now conventional criminology to accept the argument that there has been a global shift toward increasing punitiveness in criminal justice sentencing, Canada does not conform with this trend. There has been very little change in such a direction in the past 20 years, even though there has been a succession of liberal and conservative governments at the federal level. In part, this is attributable to the general preservation of a welfare state and its associated ideologies. It is also significant that a theme of 'balance' has been prominent in criminal justice since the 1970s. In addition, the particular political position of Canada vis-a-vis the United States leads to many adverse comparisons with American justice theory and practice.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: punishment, criminology, punitiveness, Canada, criminal justice, control
JEL Classification: K10, K14, K30
Date posted: September 22, 2009 ; Last revised: January 25, 2010
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