How Tight Was the Seal? A Reappraisal of Adoption Records in the United States, England, and New Zealand, 1851-1955
E. Wayne Carp
Pacific Lutheran University
INTERNATIONAL ADVANCES IN ADOPTION RESEARCH FOR PRACTICE, Elsbeth Neil, Gretchen Wrobel, eds., Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009
This chapter will first demonstrate that in the United States, England and New Zealand, adoption records were open during the first half of the twentieth century or, if sealed, that a majority of adopted adults were able to access them fairly easily; and second, reveal when, why and how adoption records came to be sealed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: adoption, adoption records, adopted adults, birth parents, adoptive parentsAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 21, 2009
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