Diplomacy by Directive
Hans H. B. Vedder
University of Groningen
September 23, 2009
This paper examines the EU's Energy and Climate Package, and notably the new Emissions Trading Scheme Directive (2009/29) from an external perspective. It argues that the various Directives, Decision and Regulation that make up this package contain elements that are related to the upcoming international negotiations for a successor to the Kyoto Protocol. The provisions on carbon leakage, the move to a 30% emissions reduction target, inclusion of LULUCF in the EU ETS and other elements are all aimed at influencing third countries in the December 2009 negotiations in Copenhagen. The rules on biomass production in third countries have a similar effect. Whether or not this package plays a role in the international negotiations is uncertain, but the EU certainly aims to 'set the scene' with this package.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 13
Keywords: climate change, energy and climate package, UNFCCC, Kyoto, EU ETS
JEL Classification: K32, K33, Q4
Date posted: September 24, 2009
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