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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1483878
 
 

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Police-Induced Confessions: Risk Factors and Recommendations


Saul M. Kassin


John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Steven A. Drizin


Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic; Northwestern University - Center on Wrongful Convictions

Thomas Grisso


University of Massachusetts Worcester - University of Massachusetts Medical School

Gisli H. Gudjonsson


King's College London

Richard A. Leo


University of San Francisco - School of Law

Allison D. Redlich


State University of New York (SUNY) - School of Criminal Justice

July 15, 2009

Law and Human Behavior, 2009
Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-13

Abstract:     
Recent DNA exonerations have shed light on the problem that people sometimes confess to crimes they did not commit. Drawing on police practices, laws concerning the admissibility of confession evidence, core principles of psychology, and forensic studies involving multiple methodologies, this White Paper summarizes what is known about police-induced confessions. In this review, we identify suspect characteristics (e.g., adolescence; intellectual disability; mental illness; and certain personality traits), interrogation tactics (e.g., excessive interrogation time; presentations of false evidence; and minimization), and the phenomenology of innocence (e.g., the tendency to waive Miranda rights) that influence confessions as well as their effects on judges and juries. This article concludes with a strong recommendation for the mandatory electronic recording of interrogations and considers other possibilities for the reform of interrogation practices and the protection of vulnerable suspect populations.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37

Keywords: police interviews, interrogations, false confessions

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Date posted: October 7, 2009 ; Last revised: April 27, 2010

Suggested Citation

Kassin, Saul M. and Drizin, Steven A. and Grisso, Thomas and Gudjonsson, Gisli H. and Leo, Richard A. and Redlich, Allison D., Police-Induced Confessions: Risk Factors and Recommendations (July 15, 2009). Law and Human Behavior, 2009; Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-13. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1483878

Contact Information

Saul M. Kassin (Contact Author)
John Jay College of Criminal Justice ( email )
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021
United States
Steven A. Drizin
Northwestern University - School of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic ( email )
375 E. Chicago Ave
Unit 1505
Chicago, IL 60611
United States
312-503-8576 (Phone)
Northwestern University - Center on Wrongful Convictions
375 East Chicago Avenue
Chicago, CA 60611
United States
Thomas Grisso
University of Massachusetts Worcester - University of Massachusetts Medical School ( email )
55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester, MA 01655
United States
Gisli H. Gudjonsson
King's College London ( email )
Strand
London, England WC2R 2LS
United Kingdom
Richard A. Leo
University of San Francisco - School of Law ( email )
2130 Fulton Street
San Francisco, CA 94117
United States
Allison D. Redlich
State University of New York (SUNY) - School of Criminal Justice ( email )
Draper 219
1400 Washington Ave.
Albany, NY 12222
United States
518/442-5210 (Phone)
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