The Political Economy of Fixed Exchange Rate Regimes: The Experience of Post-Communist Countries
Michigan State University
July 13, 2009
European Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming
Exchange rate policy results not just from economic, but also from fundamentally political processes. This paper analyzes the propensity of policy makers to relax fixed exchange rate regimes by performing regular realignments. The argument is that when information is scarce as in transition countries in the 1990s, adherence to visible exchange rate commitments gives left wing politicians, the former communists, a useful mechanism to improve their reputation. Empirically, the paper uses a duration model to analyze monthly realignment data from former communist countries from 1990 to 1999 and assesses how a broad range of political and economic factors influence the duration of government fixed rate commitments. In particular, one of the robust findings is that left wing governments are associated with a lower risk of fixed rate realignment.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 39
Keywords: fixed exchange rate, credibility, realignment, partisanship, democratization, postcommunist
JEL Classification: F31, F33, F41, P33, P26Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 11, 2009
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