Killing Them with Kindness: Negative Distributional Externalities of Increasing UI Benefits
John P. Haisken-DeNew
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research; McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics
Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen)
July 1, 2009
Ruhr Economic Paper No. 121
Of the many labour market Hartz IV reforms that have been implemented in Germany since 2005, the role of short-term unemployment insurance has not received much attention. In this paper we examine distributional effects of labour earnings and unemployment benefits using simulated increases in unemployment insurance replacement rates or equivalently, increases in the net present value of benefit duration. Starting around an 18%-point increase in the replacement rate, there are significant negative labour supply effects, drawing those employed into unemployment shifting the mass of the earnings distribution to the left. At around a 25%-point increase in the replacement rate, the mass of the distribution shifts right again, as those receiving unemployment benefits simply enjoy an increased transfer. Thus, due to the substantial negative labour supply effects, German economic policy should avoid potentially increasing the UI benefit replacement rate (or equivalently, increasing the benefit duration) in the near future as a response to the worldwide economic crisis.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 19
Keywords: Unemployment, income distribution, labour supply
JEL Classification: J65, D31, J22
Date posted: October 22, 2009
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