Emerging Trends of Higher Education in Developing Countries
Prof. Ravinder Rena
University of the Western Cape; Polytechnic of Namibia; Papua New Guinea University of Technology
November 10, 2009
Annals, Vol. 47, No. 2
Quality in Higher Education has become a primary agenda of the countries worldwide. In the context marked by expansion of higher education and globalization of economic activities, education has become a national concern in developing countries with an international dimension. To cope with this changing context, developing countries have been pressurized to ensure and assure quality of higher education at a nationally comparable and internationally acceptable standard. It is generally acknowledged that globalization has created tremendous impacts on higher education in this first decade of twenty-first century. Externally, there have been unprecedented changes both at global and national context. The benefits of globalisation accrue to the countries with highly skilled human capital and it is a curse for the developing countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Caribbean without such specialised human capital. This paper delves the recent trends of higher education in developing countries. It addresses the various challenges of higher education in the developing countries in the context of 21st century. Besides, the paper examines the response of higher education to globalization in developing countries and discusses the major challenges that the globalization brought to higher education.
Keywords: Higher education, developing countries, globalization, economic development, human capital, Information and communications technologies
JEL Classification: A22, A23, I22, I23, O12
Date posted: November 10, 2009
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