The Competitive Effect of Rivals' Earnings News on Initial Public Offerings
Oakland University - Department of Accounting and Finance
February 12, 2014
This paper examines how the release of industry rivals' earnings news during the IPO book-building period affects a firm's process of going public. The aggregate effect of rivals' earnings news is measured by a signal-to-noise ratio. Higher signal-to-noise ratios indicate better rivals' earnings news, and vice versa. For a sample of 6,781 completed IPOs, we find that the signal-to-noise ratio has a significantly negative valuation effect on both price revision and initial return. Moreover, the negative valuation effect on initial return is stronger for issuers of higher quality and those in less competitive industries. Finally, the Probit regression of a pooled sample of 8,044 completed and withdrawn offerings shows that an IPO firm with a higher signal-to-noise ratio is more likely to be withdrawn. Collectively, our results suggest that industry rivals' earnings news exert a competitive effect on first-time issuers.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: IPOs, Competitive Effect, Rivals' Earnings Surprises, Price Revision, Initial Return, Withdrawn Offerings, Post-IPO Operating Performance
JEL Classification: G12, G14, G24working papers series
Date posted: November 21, 2009 ; Last revised: February 12, 2014
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