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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1512928
 
 

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Nationalization, De-Nationalization, Re-Nationalization: Some Historical and Comparative Perspective


Mark A. Edwards


William Mitchell College of Law

November 24, 2009

Pace Law Review, Vol. 30, p. 124, 2009
William Mitchell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 125

Abstract:     
The history of banking in the United States is the history of competing impulses, one motivated by ideology, the other by pragmatism. Against ideological preferences for federalism and relatively laissez-faire capitalism, pragmatic responses to crises have lead repeatedly to attempts at centrally planned regulatory intervention into lending. While the degree of intervention fluctuates through time in response to various crises, it is never accurate to characterize banking and housing finance industries as either fully nationalized or fully de-nationalized. Examining banking and housing finance industries in nations with diverse histories and systems of government reveals surprisingly similar patterns of government intervention. Ideology gives way to pragmatism in response to crises, then re-emerges when it can be afforded. Our ideological preferences are luxuries that we have paid for repeatedly, and at great cost.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 32

Keywords: Mortgages, Nationalization, Housing, Fannie, Freddie, Bank, Intervention, Regulation, Panic, Collapse

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Date posted: November 27, 2009 ; Last revised: October 21, 2010

Suggested Citation

Edwards, Mark A., Nationalization, De-Nationalization, Re-Nationalization: Some Historical and Comparative Perspective (November 24, 2009). Pace Law Review, Vol. 30, p. 124, 2009; William Mitchell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 125. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1512928

Contact Information

Mark A. Edwards (Contact Author)
William Mitchell College of Law ( email )
875 Summit Ave.
St. Paul, MN 55115
United States
651.290.6441 (Phone)
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