The Three Epochs of the Environmental Movement
Daniel A. Mazmanian
University of Southern California - School of Policy Planning and Development (SPPD)
Michael E. Kraft
University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
March 24, 2008
University of Southern California School of Policy and Development, Environment & Sustainability, WP-March 2008-1
As the basis for exploring the sustainability movement in a variety of environmental arenas and places across the United States, Mazmanian and Kraft develop in this opening chapter of their book a framework that locates sustainability - historically and conceptually - as the third epoch in the modern environmental movement. Following on the regulatory and market-based epochs, sustainability can best be understood as an effort to address in a more comprehensive manner the interdependence of natural and human systems, and address the threat to the former by the latter. The three epochs are compared along a series of dimensions for problem identification, implementation philosophy, policy tools, information and data management needs, and triggering events.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 44
Keywords: sustainability, environmental movement, sub-national environmental policyworking papers series
Date posted: December 18, 2009
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