Capital Budgeting, Investment Project Valuation and Financing Mix: Methodological Proposals
Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP)
December 7, 2009
European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 135, pp. 326-337, 2001
A firm using a discount rate defined at the corporate scale as a Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) may have to value projects subject to a different tax rate from the one used to calculate its discount rate. Moreover, to determine the economic value of a project, the WACC and Arditti-Levy methods need to be adjusted if the firm allocates to this project a loan representing proportionally more (or less) than the fraction corresponding to the target debt ratio defined by the firm for projects in the same class of risk. We first propose a method which corresponds to the adjustment of standard WACC calculations. The formulation adopted (“generalized ATWACC method”) has the advantage of being independent of any consideration related to debt ratios. We then develop a consistent adaptation of the Arditti-Levy method (“adapted BTWACC method”), but it does not possess the simplicity of that of the generalized ATWACC method.
Keywords: interest tax shields, WACC, debt allocation, debt ratio, NPV
JEL Classification: G31, G32, C61Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: December 8, 2009
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