Globalization and National Sovereignty: Controlling the International Food Supply in the Age of Biotechnology
Debra M. Strauss
Fairfield University - Charles F. Dolan School of Business
Melanie C. Strauss
The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
December 20, 2009
Journal of Legal Studies in Business, Vol. 15, pp. 75-94, 2009
This article examines the biotechnology industry in the area of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in foods through the lens of globalization and national sovereignty. Does the World Trade Organization (WTO) have the authority to compel the EU to lift GMO bans, or should another supranational organization be formed to regulate the world’s food supply as a scientific and policy-making entity? What implications does the WTO’s decision on the food trade dispute have on state sovereignty, nation-state control and regulation of its food supply, and future multilateral environmental and trade agreements? This article discusses GMO’s historic, scientific, and environmental impacts, how globalization and biotechnology have changed the world food supply, and how these developments affect free trade. In addition, it explores the regulatory reach of organizations such as the WTO, World Health Organization (WHO), and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on global food security. Finally, it analyzes the future of the biotechnology industry and GMOs, considering the impact of the WTO’s decisions on developing nations, food labeling, nation-state control and, ultimately, its own credibility.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: globalization, national sovereignty, international trade, international law, GMOs, food and drug law, WTO, biotechnology, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms, bioengineering
Date posted: December 22, 2009 ; Last revised: November 13, 2012
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