Gender Inequality in Secondary and Higher Education of Eritrea: Issues and Perspectives
Prof. Ravinder Rena
University of the Western Cape; Polytechnic of Namibia; Papua New Guinea University of Technology
June 10, 2009
International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.14-35, 2009
The women play a key role in economic growth and development. World Bank and IMF studies have shown that the economies of the developing countries are losing billions of US dollars because women are still discriminated against in economic life. Eritrean women contribute largely for the freedom and economic development. The girls’ education during the colonial periods is found to be gloomy but the situation improved after the independence in terms of girls’ number in the schools. The ideological construction of gender identities in the country promotes males as being more important in the society. This paper examines some of the rationale for the women’s education and the discrimination against them in Eritrea. The paper highlights the girls’ participation in education both at secondary and tertiary levels. The paper argues that girls’ and women’s access to secondary education is not optimal for them to achieve their empowerment and finally it entails from stakeholders to join hands to empower women in all dimensions (i.e., economically, socially, politically, psychologically and technologically) so that they can fulfill their potentials for sustainable development.
Keywords: gender inequality, school education, tertiary education,empowerment, human capital, Eritrea
JEL Classification: A22, I21, I22, I23, I28Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: December 22, 2009
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