Different Types of Social Entrepreneurship: The Role of Geography and Embeddedness on the Measurement and Scaling of Social Value
Brett R. Smith
Miami University of Ohio - Richard T. Farmer School of Business Administration
Christopher E. Stevens
Gonzaga University - School of Business Administration
December 29, 2009
Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 575-598
With its continued emergence in both academic and practitioner communities, the diversity of organisations categorised as social entrepreneurship continues to expand. The increasing diversity represents a challenge to the field as it attempts to build a scientific base of knowledge. To address this issue, we build upon a typology of different forms of social entrepreneurship to theorise about how the role of ‘sites and spaces’ may affect the social entrepreneurial process. Specifically, we explain how variance in the geographic focus of different types of social entrepreneurship influences the types of social networks in which social entrepreneurship is embedded. Drawing upon this logic of embeddedness, we develop propositions about how the structural embeddedness of social entrepreneurship may affect the measurement and scaling of social value. The purpose of this paper is to add to the relatively sparse but growing theoretical foundation of the field of social entrepreneurship.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 42
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, embeddedness, scaling, social performance, social networks
Date posted: March 15, 2010 ; Last revised: August 7, 2014
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