Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1530671
 
 

Citations (3)



 


 



Years of Schooling, Human Capital and the Body Mass Index of European Females


Giorgio Brunello


University of Padua - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Daniele Fabbri


University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Margherita Fort


University of Bologna


IZA Discussion Paper No. 4667

Abstract:     
We use the compulsory school reforms implemented in European countries after the II World War to investigate the causal effect of education on the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the incidence of overweight and obesity among European females. Our IV estimates suggest that years of schooling have a protective effect on BMI. The size of the estimated effect is not negligible but smaller than the one found in comparable recent work for the US. We depart from the current empirical literature in three main directions. First, we use a multi-country approach. Second, we complement the standard analysis of the causal impact of years of schooling on BMI with one relying on a broader measure of education, i.e. individual standardized cognitive tests, and show that the current focus in the literature on years of schooling as the measure of education is not misplaced. Last, we evaluate whether the current focus on conditional mean effects should be integrated with an approach which allows for heterogeneous responses to changes in compulsory education. Although our evidence based on quantile regressions is mixed, there is some indication that the protective effect of schooling does not increase monotonically from the lower to the upper quantile of the distribution of BMI. Rather, the marginal effect is stronger among overweight (but not obese) females than among females with BMI above 30.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 52

Keywords: obesity, human capital, Europe

JEL Classification: I12, I21

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: January 4, 2010  

Suggested Citation

Brunello, Giorgio and Fabbri, Daniele and Fort, Margherita, Years of Schooling, Human Capital and the Body Mass Index of European Females. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4667. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1530671

Contact Information

Giorgio Brunello (Contact Author)
University of Padua - Department of Economics ( email )
via Del Santo 33
35121 Padova
Italy
+39 049 827 4223 (Phone)
+39 049 827 4221 (Fax)
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Daniele Fabbri
University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )
Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy
Margherita Fort
University of Bologna ( email )
Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 525
Downloads: 64
Download Rank: 204,121
Citations:  3

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo2 in 0.297 seconds