Explaining Inflation and Output Volatility in Chile: An Empirical Analysis of Forty Years
Juan De Dios Tena
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Universidad del Bío-Bío
December 30, 2008
Cuadernos de Economía, Vol. 27, No. 49, 2008
This paper presents a data-oriented analysis of the effects of different kinds of economic shocks on Chilean output growth and inflation over the last 40 years. Two important results highlight the role of trade openness and countercyclical monetary policies to explain structural changes in the Chilean economy: (1) foreign shocks only explain 17% of the variability of output growth in the 1984-2006 period, whereas it used to account for 47.2% in 1966-1983; and (2) The relative importance of foreign shocks in explaining inflation volatility has become more important in the last twenty years.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: trade openness, volatility, inflation, output growth, structural VAR
JEL Classification: E3, C3Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: January 12, 2010
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